Official Name: Republic of Turkey (Turkiye Cumhuriyeti)
Location: Turkey is located in southwestern Asia (above the 45th parallel, North). It is bordered on the west by the Aegean Sea, on the north by the Black Sea, and on the south by the Mediterranean Sea. It touches Greece, Bulgaria, and Georgia to the north, Armenia and Iran to the east, and Iraq and Syria to the south.
Land Area: 770,760 sq km (297,513 sq mi).
Coast: 7,200 km (4,471 mi) of coastline on the Aegean, Black, and Mediterranean Seas.
Climate: The Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions visited by BikeAbout on their journey through Turkey have mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
Population: Over 65 million inhabitants, of which 29% are younger than 15, and 65% are between 15 and 64 years old.
Language: Turkish is the official language of Turkey, but English is also widely spoken. With 20% of the population Kurdish, Kurdish is also spoken in some parts of Turkey. Many Turks also speak Arabic.
Religion: Almost all Turks are Muslim (mostly Sunni), but there are very small groups of Christians and Jews.
Government: Turkey is a republican parliamentary democracy, led by a president (who is elected by the National Assembly), the prime minister (appointed by the president), and a Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the president. The Legislative Branch consists of the 550-member Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi). The Judicial Branch consists of the Constitutional Court appointed by the president and Court of Appeals elected by the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors.
Executive (President or King): President Ahmed Necdet Sezer; Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Currency: The Turkish currency is the Turkish Lira (TL). There are 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, 250,000, 500,000, 1,000,000 and 5,000,000 lira notes, as well as 500, 1000, 2500, 5000, 10,000 lira coins. The exchange rate was approximately 110,119 Turkish Lira (TL) for every $1 in January of 1997 (the time of the BikeAbout journey). Due to high inflation in Turkey, the exchange rate changes rapidly.
Find out how many Turkish Lira there are in your local currency!
Resources and Industry: The Turkish economy relies heavily on agricultural products. In particular, Turkey is the biggest producer of wool in Europe. Turkey is also a food exporter. Turkey's mining industry extracts coal, chromite, copper, and boron, and manufacturing, especially of steel products, dominates the economy. Germany is Turkey's primary trade partner.
Transport: 382,397 km (237,468 mi) of road; 8,607 km (5,345 mi) of train tracks.
Electric current: 220 volts.
Time Zone: GMT +2 hours
Sources: CIA World Factbook 2000, Mediterranean Europe on a shoestring (Lonely Planet), and the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Lonely Planet
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